Important Terms and Definitions

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

 

BROAD SPECTRUM

Containing more than just CBD, such as some minor cannabinoids and terpenes. It can also be called Distillate. It is typically 85% CBD.

CANNABIDIOL (CBD)

One of the primary cannabinoids found in cannabis. Not associated with the typical psychoactive effects.

CANNABINOID

Molecules produced by the cannabis plant.

CERTIFICATE OF ANALYSIS (COA)

A certificate/report provided by a testing facility as verification that certain tests were performed, as well as their results. Often contains potency tests, heavy metals tests, solvent tests, and/or terpene tests.

DABBING

A consumption method requiring cannabis concentrates that are heated and inhaled. Separate from vaping or smoking.

ENDOCANNABINOIDS

Cannabinoid molecules produced naturally by the body.

ENTOURAGE EFFECT

A concept where all of the components (cannabinoids, terpenes, etc) in the plant work together in the body, boosting each other to create a balanced, synergistic effect. Typically lacking in isolate products.

FULL SPECTRUM

A cannabis product that contains not only CBD, but also some other cannabinoids (usually THC), and terpenes in their naturally occurring quantities.

HEMP

Any cannabis plant containing less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis

HEMP OIL

An oil that is derived from hemp cannabis. Usually as hemp seed oil, but can be CBD oil.

HYBRID

Hybrid strains contain a mix of sativa and indica genetics. Depending on their lineage, hybrids can take on characteristics from both strain families.

INDICA

Typically, Indica strains of cannabis are short, bushy plants with wide leaves. Indica plants tend to grow faster and have a higher yield than the sativa variety. Medicine derived from Indica strains have higher CBD and lower THC counts.

ISOLATE

A cannabis product that contains only CBD.

SATIVA

Sativa strains of cannabis are generally a lighter shade of green and grow tall and thin with narrow leaves. Sativa strains take longer to grow, mature, and require more light. Medicine derived from Sativa strains have lower CBD and higher THC counts.

SUBLINGUAL

A consumption method that entails you applying the product under the tongue.

TERPENES

Oils found in all plants that give the plant scent, flavor, and additional benefits.

TINCTURE

Traditionally used to describe alcohol based products, but now used to describe even oil-based products. Typically used sublingually or orally.

TOPICAL

A product or method that requires you to apply the product to the skin topically. Does not get into bloodstream.